Portal : South Dakota - what does it mean
The South Dakota Portal
(; South Dakota Sioux: , Dakȟóta itókaga pronounced ) is a [daˈkˣota iˈtokaga] U.S. state in the North Central region of the United States. It is also part of the Great Plains. South Dakota is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who comprise a large portion of the population with nine reservations currently in the state and have historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the 5th least populous, and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. They are the 39th and 40th states admitted to the union; President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood papers before signing them so that no one could tell which became a state first. Pierre is the state capital, and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200, is South Dakota's largest city.
South Dakota is bordered by the states of
North Dakota (to the north), Minnesota (to the east), Iowa (to the southeast), Nebraska (to the south), Wyoming (to the west), and Montana (to the northwest). The state is bisected by the Missouri River, dividing South Dakota into two geographically and socially distinct halves, known to residents as " East River" and " West River".
Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, and the area's fertile soil is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri River,
ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, and the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending. Most of the Native American reservations are in West River. The Black Hills, a group of low pine-covered mountains sacred to the Sioux, is in the southwest part of the state. Mount Rushmore, a major tourist destination, is there. South Dakota has a temperate continental climate, with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west. The state's ecology features species typical of a North American grassland biome. ( )
Selected article -
(born October 23, 1949, Oglala Sioux; died November 21, 2020) was an attorney, prosecutor and politician in the United States and the Theresa B. "Huck" Two Bulls Oglala Sioux Tribe. In 2004 she was elected as Democratic member of the South Dakota Senate, representing the 27th district, the first American Indian woman to be elected to the state legislature. She served until 2008. That year Two Bulls was elected as president of the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, the second woman to serve in this position. She served one term, which was two years.
In elective office, Two Bulls particularly worked to develop stronger relationships between tribal and local and state governments. She also served on a
United States Department of Justice
task force to develop guidelines for and implementation of a study to reduce violence against Indian women. In 2015 she was secretary-treasurer of the
National Congress of American Indians
List of selected articles
History of South Dakota Fossil Cycad National Monument List of counties in South Dakota List of governors of South Dakota Governor of South Dakota Kristi Noem Rosebud Indian Reservation Lakota people Wounded Knee Massacre Sioux Falls, South Dakota Rapid City, South Dakota Aberdeen, South Dakota Brookings, South Dakota Watertown, South Dakota Badlands National Park Black Hills Mount Rushmore Big Sioux River Sturgis Motorcycle Rally Wind Cave National Park Jewel Cave National Monument Deadwood, South Dakota Lake Kampeska Mary GrandPré South Dakota State University University of South Dakota Sioux Falls Regional Airport Sparky Anderson Frank Waln Blood Run Site COVID-19 pandemic in South Dakota South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. Hill City, South Dakota LGBT rights in South Dakota Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad Tom Brokaw A-Square Dakota Territory Homestake Mine (South Dakota) Dennis Daugaard Bill Janklow Mike Rounds Wall Drug Crazy Horse Memorial Marlene Hagge January Jones Republic of Lakotah proposal Sioux language Pierre, South Dakota Categories
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(August 8, 1901 – August 27, 1958) was an American Ernest Orlando Lawrence nuclear physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939 for his invention of the cyclotron. He is known for his work on uranium-isotope separation for the Manhattan Project, as well as for founding the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
A graduate of the
University of South Dakota
University of Minnesota
, Lawrence obtained a
in physics at
in 1925. In 1928, he was hired as an associate professor of physics at the
University of California, Berkeley
, becoming the youngest full professor there two years later. In its library one evening, Lawrence was intrigued by a diagram of an accelerator that produced
. He contemplated how it could be made compact, and came up with an idea for a circular accelerating chamber between the poles of an
. The result was the first
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Topics Largest cities
South Dakota, with their populations (as of July 1, 2020 as enumerated by the 2020 United States Census):
 2010 Census
Sioux Falls †
Rapid City †