North Macedonia (Macedonia before February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in Southeast Europe. It gained independence in 1991 as one of the successor states of Yugoslavia. It is a landlocked country bordering Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northern third of the larger geographical region of Macedonia. Skopje, the capital and largest city, is home to a quarter of the country's 1.83 million people. The majority of the residents are ethnic Macedonians, a South Slavic people. Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, Aromanians and a few other minorities.
The region's history begins with the kingdom of Paeonia
, a mixed Thraco
polity. In the late sixth century BC, the area was subjugated by the Persian Achaemenid Empire
, then incorporated into the Kingdom of Macedonia
in the fourth century BC. The Roman Empire
conquered the region in the second century BC and made it part of the larger province of Macedonia
. The area remained part of the Byzantine Empire
, but was often raided and settled by Slavic tribes
beginning in the sixth century of the Christian era. Following centuries of contention
between the Bulgarian
, Byzantine, and Serbian Empires
, it was part of the Ottoman Empire
from the mid-14th until the early 20th century, when, following the Balkan Wars
of 1912 and 1913, the modern territory of North Macedonia came under Serbian
rule. (Full article...