Portal : Czech Republic - what does it mean
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, also known as Czech Republic Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Historically known as Bohemia, it is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the southeast. The Czech Republic has a hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,871 square kilometers (30,452 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental and oceanic climate. The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec.
Duchy of Bohemia was founded in the late 9th century under Great Moravia. It was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire in 1002 and became a kingdom in 1198. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule. With the dissolution of the Holy Empire in 1806, the Crown lands became part of the Austrian Empire.
In the 19th century, the
Czech lands became more industrialized, and in 1918 most of it became part of the First Czechoslovak Republic following the collapse of Austria-Hungary after World War I. Czechoslovakia was the only country in Central and Eastern Europe to remain a parliamentary democracy during the entirety of the interwar period. After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Nazi Germany systematically took control over the Czech lands. Czechoslovakia was restored in 1945 and became an Eastern Bloc communist state following a coup d'état in 1948. Attempts to liberalize the government and economy were suppressed by a Soviet-led invasion of the country during the Prague Spring in 1968. In November 1989, the Velvet Revolution ended communist rule in the country, and on 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia was dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Czech Republic is a
unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced, high-income social market economy. It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care and free-tuition university education. It ranks 12th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 24th in the World Bank Human Capital Index. It ranks as the 8th safest and most peaceful country and 29th in democratic governance. The Czech Republic is a member of NATO, the European Union, OECD, OSCE, and the Council of Europe. ( )
Selected article -
A monument to the battle on the Slovak side of the Dukla Pass.
, also known as the Battle of the Dukla Pass Dukla, Carpatho–Dukla, Rzeszów–Dukla, or Dukla–Prešov offensive, was the battle for control over the Dukla Pass on the border between Poland and Slovakia on the Eastern Front of World War II between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in September–October 1944. It was part of the Soviet East Carpathian strategic offensive that also included the Carpathian–Uzhgorod offensive. The operation's primary goal, to provide support for the Slovak rebellion, was not achieved, but it concluded the full liberation of the Ukrainian SSR.
The German resistance in the eastern
region was much stronger than expected. The battle which began on 8 September would not see the Soviet forces on the other side of the pass until 6 October, and German forces would stop their heavy resistance in the region only around 10 October. Five days to
turned into fifty days to
alone with over 70,000 casualties on both sides. Prešov that was to be reached in six days remained beyond the Czechoslovaks' grasp for four months. The battle would be counted among the most bloody in the entire Eastern Front and the history of Slovakia; one of the valleys in the pass, near the villages of
, would become known as the "Valley of Death". (
In this month Categories Selected biography -
(3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Franz Kafka Bohemian novelist and short-story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work fuses elements of realism and the fantastic. It typically features isolated protagonists facing bizarre or surrealistic predicaments and incomprehensible socio- bureaucratic powers. It has been interpreted as exploring themes of alienation, existential anxiety, guilt, and absurdity. His best known works include the short story " The Metamorphosis" and novels and The Trial . The term The Castle has entered English to describe situations like those found in his writing.
Kafka was born into a middle-class German-speaking
family in Prague, the capital of the
Kingdom of Bohemia
, then part of the
, today the capital of the Czech Republic. He trained as a lawyer and after completing his legal education was employed full-time by an insurance company, forcing him to relegate writing to his spare time. Over the course of his life, Kafka wrote hundreds of letters to family and close friends, including his father, with whom he had a strained and formal relationship. He became engaged to several women but never married. He died in 1924 at the age of 40 from
Did you know? General images
The following are images from various Czech Republic-related articles on Wikipedia.
Taborites, after the town of Tábor that became their center (from )
The radical Hussites became known as
Linguistic map of interwar Czechoslovakia (c. 1930) (from
Prague, consisting of roast duck, roast pork, beer sausage, smoked meat, red and white cabbage, bread, bacon and potato dumplings. (from )
A "traditional Bohemian platter" at a restaurant in central
The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Bohemia (from
Lands of the Bohemian Crown (until 1635), map by Josef Pekař, 1921 (from
Bohemia (westernmost area) in Czechoslovakia 1918–1938 (from
Fried cheese, served with tartar sauce and side salad (from
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see: : Article requests Wikipedia:WikiProject Czech Republic/Wanted articles. : Disambiguation Augustinus Olomucensis, Karel Dufek, List of historical German and Czech names for places in the Czech Republic, Lobkowicz Palace, Reichsgau Sudetenland. : Expand Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, Ostrava, Jan Žižka, Prague Castle, Brno, Moravia, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, 2009 European floods, Austria-Hungary, History of the Slavic languages, Proto-Slavic, Slavic languages, Milan Knížák. see: : Infobox Category:Czech Republic articles needing infoboxes : Notability 2005 Pavel Roman Memorial, 2018 Men's World Floorball Championships qualifying, 2021 Světec train crash, 68 Publishers, ABS Jets, Bernard Lokai, DJ Wich, Dadja Altenburg-Kohl, David Jan Novotný, Film School in Písek, František Neuwirt, František Pošepný, Hana Kolarova , Ivan Zachariáš, Ivo Toman, Jakub Fúzik, Jakub Čech (journalist), Jan Jelínek (legionary), Jan Sovák, Jiří Hoskovec, Jiří Černický, Josef Stejskal (artist), Július Tomin (Interlingua), Klára Kučerová, Leoš Janáček International Competition in Brno, Lord Mord, Lukáš Zich, MC Kato, Marek Sacha, Marek Štryncl, Milan Smrčka, Ondřej Smetana (racing driver), Ostrava Steelers, Rudolf Kämpf, T-72M4CZ, Thermacut, V. J. Havel, Veronika Vařeková, Vilém Veverka, Václav Malý, Václav Turek, Věra Špinarová, Yellow Sisters, Zuzana Králová, Štěpán Horváth. : NPOV CERGE-EI, Josef Zieleniec, Mighty Sounds, Rock for People, University of Economics, Prague. : Stubs Out Distance. : Update Air Accidents Investigation Institute, Czech Aeroholding, Czech presidential election, 2013, Economy of the Czech Republic, Elections in the Czech Republic, Health and social welfare in Communist Czechoslovakia, Hynek Fajmon, Independent Democrats (Czech Republic), Jan Kasl, Jaromír Drábek, Josef Řihák, Party of Free Citizens, Tomáš Zatloukal, Viktor Kožený, Vladimír Železný, Václav Havel Airport Prague, Václav Klaus, Vít Bárta. : Verify Albrecht von Wallenstein, Holy Roman Empire, Karel Schwarzenberg, Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, Agnes of Bohemia, Duchess of Jawor, Andrej Babiš, Anne of Bohemia, Duchess of Austria, Constance of Hungary, Czech branch of the House of Thurn and Taxis, Early Slavs, Henry of Bohemia, History of Wrocław, Judith of Habsburg, Ray Mawby, Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, Wenceslaus II, Duke of Opava, Western betrayal, House of Zierotin, Václav Klement.
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